Wild dog management
Outside the Dog Fence (north)
Outside the Dog Fence in South Australia, wild dogs/dingoes are neither specifically protected or declared but are acknowledged for their cultural significance and the ecological role they play in the environment.
Land managers in this zone should limit wild dog control activities to areas where wild dog impacts on livestock and public safety are likely. To support the ecological role of the wild dog, the level of control will be restricted by limiting the amount of baits available for each property on an annual basis.
In situations where annual control measures are not sufficient to reduce impacts to livestock, land managers will be required to provide evidence of this through submitting a Bait Request for Exceptional Circumstances form.
Starting in 2008, a six year Dingo Research Project co-ordinated by Natural Resources SA Arid Lands (NRSAAL) investigated the relationship between 1080 baiting, calf predation/lactation failure, and biodiversity on cattle stations outside of the Dog Fence.
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Inside the Dog Fence (south)
Inside the Dog Fence, wild dogs are a declared pest under South Australia’s Natural Resources Management Act 2004. Wild dogs present a real threat to sheep grazing, the predominant livestock industry in this area.
Since 2009, the SA Arid Lands Natural Resources Management Board, has co-ordinated the Biteback program to assist regional land managers inside the fence with best practice control for wild dogs, to co-ordinate a landscape-scale approach to control methods, and to impact on the wild dog population inside the fence.
Land managers with similar geography and land systems are encouraged to work together in co-operative groups via the development of Local Area Plans (LAPs) sharing integrated best-practice control methods that include ground baiting (1080), trapping and shooting to reduce wild dog impacts.
Biteback provides land managers with a bi-annual 1080 bait-mixing services, year round access to manufactured baits, access to a trap loan service and offers its LAP groups advice on future management, upcoming technologies, and interstate developments.
Find out more about 1080:
The Biteback program is managed by NRSAAL and funded by the SA Sheep Industry Fund, Australian Wool Innovation and the Regional (land-based) NRM levy administered by NRSAAL on behalf of the SA Arid Lands Natural Resources Management Board.
In addition to the Biteback program, NRSAAL conducts an aerial baiting program to augment the ground baiting program. The aerial baiting program covers around 10,000km over 50,000 baits on around 90 pastoral properties.
Best practice guidelines
In October 2017, the SA Arid Lands NRM Board released its Best Practice Guidelines for Wild Dog Control which are endorsed by Livestock SA.
The Guidelines were developed following discussion and feedback from land managers and LAPs over a number of years and are a reference tool for the best methods to control wild dogs based on an integrated management approach coordinating baiting, trapping and shooting along with monitoring.
The Guidelines set a benchmark for land managers and the Board to assess community efforts to control wild dogs.
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SA Arid Lands Wild Dog Management Plan
The SA Arid Lands Wild Dog Management Plan is an important document for the Board and the region, providing a guide to land managers and government staff to conduct wild dog management in the region. It contributes to improved cattle and biodiversity outcomes outside the Dog Fence – where the wild dog/dingo is neither declared or protected – and control program inside the Dog Fence where the wild dog is a declared pest.
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In 2016 the state government released the SA Wild Dog Strategic Plan 2016 - 2020. The plan was developed by the South Australian Wild Dog Advisory Group (SAWDAG) in collaboration with the State Government, peak livestock and conservation stakeholder groups, the state and local dog fece boards and community members and groups.
The plan identifies the following four goals to manage wild dog populations and their associated impacts in SA:
Goal 1 - Detect and eradicate wild dogs inside the dog fence
Goal 2 - Prevent incursions by wild dogs through the dog fence
Goal 3 - Protect the cattle industry
Goal 4 - Ensure good governance for management of wild dogs across South Australia
Find out about Primary Industries and Regions SA programs:
Biosecurity SA (a division of Primary Industries and Regions SA) conducts an aerial baiting program to augment Biteback’s ground baiting program. The Dog Fence Board administers the dog fence
PestSmart - Centre for Invasive Species Solutions
For more information contact:
SA Arid Lands NRM Wild Dog Management Team
P (08) 8648 5300 E: DEWNR.SAALNRMAridlands@sa.gov.au