There are 249 species of native birds currently found within the Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges (AMLR) however, another 11 found within the AMLR at the time of European colonisation have since become regionally extinct. Of those still found within the AMLR, 69 are considered threatened at the state or national level and another 28 are considered threatened regionally.

Commonly sighted birds

Changing land practices experienced in the AMLR since the time of European colonisation has lead to the decline of many species. However these land management changes have also favoured some species, which are now more abundant. These include the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, Little Corella, Long-billed Corella, Rainbow Lorikeet, Noisy Minor, Australian Magpie, Grey Currawong and the Australian White Ibis. Other species such as the Laughing Kookaburra have adapted well to the altered landscape and are persisting nicely despite the urbanisation of much of this region. 


Some of the major threats to bird conservation within the AMLR are:

  • Climate change, drought and severe weather – including the threat of long-term climatic change which may be linked to global warming and other sever climatic/weather events e.g. droughts, temperature extremes, storms and flooding.
  • Inappropriate fire regimes – whilst fire is a natural part of the landscape, changes to factors such as fire frequency, season and intensity can change habitat suitability for fauna.
  • Water management and use – the regulation of rivers and diversion of water for urban supplies, industry and agricultural production have significantly altered flow regimes. Species requiring wet or moist conditions, and with narrow habitat requirements will be most impacted by water management and use. Impacts will likely be more pronounced during dry seasons and extended drought periods where human use tends to exacerbated already low levels.
  • Predation by feral and uncontrolled cats – native species have adapted to a suite of native predators but do not as easily coexist with introduced predators. Domestic cats have the potential to kill native wildlife. However there are things that you can do to help protect both cats and wildlife.
  • Grazing and disturbance by stock and over abundant native wildlife – grazing by stock and native wildlife can have positive and negative effects on habitats. Positive effects include stimulation of growth in native grasses and controlling weed abundance. Negative effects include changes to vegetation structure and composition that can make habitats unsuitable for birds.

Current highlights

Find out more about key species we are working to protect. You can also view a list of threatened native birds found in the AMLR region.

Chestnut-rumped heathwren

Name: Chestnut-rumped heathwren
Scientific name: Hylacola pyrrhopygia parkeri
Regional status: Endangered
Related links:

Hooded plover

Name: Hooded plover
Scientific name: Thinornis rubricollis
Regional status: Vulnerable
Related links:

Little penguin

Name: Little penguin
Scientific name: Eudyptula minor
Regional status: Not listed
Related links:

Mt Lofty Ranges Southern emu-wren

Name: Mt Lofty Ranges Southern emu-wren
Scientific name: Stipiturus malachurus intermedius
Regional status: Endangered
Related links:

Orange-bellied parrot

Name: Orange-bellied parrot
Scientific name: Neophema chrysogaster
Regional status: Endangered
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Tree martin

Name: Tree martin
Scientific name: Petrochelidon nigricans
Regional status: Not listed
Related links:

Related links

Natural Resources Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges