Australia has the highest record for biodiversity loss anywhere in the world. Since the arrival of Europeans, over 110 plant and animal species have become extinct. Much of this loss has been caused by pest animals. There are 56 species of pest animals in Australia, with cats, dogs, foxes, pigs, mynah birds and cane toads considered the worst in environmental and economic terms. The challenge is to find ways to reduce the numbers of these pest animals to help restore native biodiversity and reduce losses in the agricultural industries.
What is being done to manage pests?
Natural Resources Adelaide and Mountt Lofty Ranges has a clearly defined approach to managing pests. The pest management hierarchy recommends management actions for target pest plants and animals. This helps improve detection and response to new and existing pests based on their invasiveness, impact, potential distribution and feasibility of containing it. There is also a dedicated Animal and Plant Control Coordinator to provide leadership for pest management issues in the region.
Rabbits have devastated the Australian environment. They have changed ecosystems by eating native plants, out competing native animals and causing erosion by digging warrens. Domestic rabbits are also a threat if they escape. Domestic rabbits are capable of destroying gardens and native plants. Owners of domestic rabbits have legal obligations under the Natural Resources Management Act 2004.
Information on the control of rabbits is also available:
Updated Material Safety Data Sheets for 1080 products are available on PIRSA's website.
Foxes are recognised as major predators and are a threat to Australia’s native animals. They also affect sheep farmers during lambing season and can cause concerns for the community around pets and unsecured poultry
Information on the control of foxes is available:
Updated Material Safety Data Sheet’s for 1080 products are available on PIRSA's website.
Within the Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges region escaped fallow deer have become widely distributed and are increasingly being reported, often in large numbers. These animals impact on primary production, pose a biosecurity risk, cause environmental destruction and are a social pest.
Information on fallow deer is available: