Kangaroo Island short-beaked echidna
The short-beaked echidna population on Kangaroo Island is considered to belong to a distinct subspecies (Tachyglossus aculeatus multiaculeatus), which was first described by Rothschild in 1905, from a specimen in the British Museum. They have more numerous spines which are longer, thinner and paler in colour compared with the mainland subspecies.
The Kangaroo Island short-beaked echidna has recently listed as endangered under the EPBC Act. Local threats included predation by feral cats, habitat loss and fragmentation, road mortality, predation by feral pigs and some reports of deaths due to electric fences.
The echidna is a small stocky animal covered by sharp spines on its back and sides. Like the platypus, it is an egg-laying mammal, known as a monotreme. They are widely distributed throughout Australia in all types of habitat from deserts to rainforests, coast to snow-capped mountains.