The Northern and Yorke (NY) natural resources management region extends for 34,500 square kilometres, or more than three million hectares. It is a varied and productive portion of South Australia and includes 1,350km of coastline and adjacent marine areas.
The region encompasses the Yorke Peninsula, the northern Mount Lofty Ranges, the southern Flinders Ranges and significant areas of Spencer Gulf and Gulf St Vincent.
The region supports a population of approximately 95,000 people who reside in agricultural, coastal and urban communities. It welcomes a large number of visitors each year to destinations that include Innes National Park, the Clare Valley and the Southern Flinders Ranges.
The region includes traditional Aboriginal lands of the Kaurna, Narrunga, Nukunu, Ngadjuri, Meru, Danggali, Barngala and Adnyamathanha people.
The major urban centres are the cities of Port Pirie, Port Augusta, Clare, Kadina, Moonta and Wallaroo.
Natural resources underpin a range of industries. Approximately 80% of the region is under agricultural cropping and grazing production contributing a quarter of the South Australia's agricultural earnings. The region embraces the major Clare Valley wine growing area, and supports significant mining and mineral processing activities, fishing, aquaculture, forestry, horticulture and tourism.
Northern and Yorke and its marine waters are home to:
- 1,299 native species of vascular terrestrial plants
- 33 native species of terrestrial mammals
- 304 recorded native bird species
- 91 native reptile species
- 9 frog species.
The major threats to natural resources in the region are:
- habitat fragmentation
- environmental weeds
- incompatible stock grazing and access
- feral animals
- over-abundance of problem native animals
- inappropriate fire regimes
- soil acidification
- inappropriate off road vehicle use
- excessive water extraction and storage
- coastal development
- overfishing by both commercial and recreational fishers
- nutrient pollution of marine environments
- introduced marine pests
- disturbance and destruction of intertidal reefs.
Managing natural resources in the region
Many individuals and organisations share an interest in ecologically sustainable management of the region's natural resources, including:
- primary producers
- resident communities
- volunteer groups
- seasonal tourist communities and commercial operators
- NY NRM Board
- state and federal government agencies.
Managing our natural resources is about working together to ensure that the needs of the community, industries and the environment are balanced in a way that is sustainable.
With this balance in mind, the vision for natural resources in NY is that they are 'a healthy, living landscape meeting the social, environmental, economic and cultural needs of the community, and ensuring the rights and wellbeing of future generations'.
To achieve this vision, the NY NRM Board has worked with the community and stakeholders to develop a regional NRM Plan that sets targets for the condition of the environment in the region. Natural Resources NY works with the community and industries in the region to deliver programs and projects that aim to achieve these targets.
The NY NRM Board has adopted a conservation action planning approach to plan for large scale conservation and resource management projects across the region.